Last changed 28 November 2021
Warumungu non-linguistic references
Partial, non-uniform coverage
Ordered by year, and alphabetically by author within each
This listing has a partial coverage, of historical and ethnographic
which mention Warumungu. Send additions and corrections to the
For some further references on song recordings, see
Thanks especially to Dean Ashenden for additional references.
- Moyle, Alice M. 1966. A Handlist of field
recorded music in Australia and Torres Strait. Canberra:
Institute of Aboriginal Studies. xvii+227pp.
AIATSIS Library annotation: Covers all types of recordings (cylinders,
wire, magnetic tape and disc); Lists date of collection, collector,
tribal area, restricted use, quality rating duration, subject,
Hint: To find a particular author's name,
or key term, use
your Web browser's Find command.
Back to Warumungu page
- Giles, Alfred. 1871. Diary 8th July, 1870 to 16th July,
Overland Telegraph Expedition. South Australian Archives. * see Giles
- Howitt, AW. 1885. Australian group relations. Ann. Rept. Smithsonian Inst.
1883:797-824. * mentions receipt of information on 'eight classes'
'from Mr Allan M Giles
of Tennant’s Creek' about the 'Waramunga', note on page 23 of 1885
* information published by Howitt 1889 * cf. Watts 1978 * earliest
publication of the name
1890. Explorations in the Northern Territory of South Australia.
Royal Geographical Society of Australasia. South Australian Branch -- Proceedings, v.2,
1890; -16 *
'Read June 29th, 1887' * p.10: "The Warramunga tribe, of which Cubadgee
is a member, whose country lies between Tennant's and Powell's Creek,
and a considerable distance east and west of the line, seems to have
ten families or divisions regulating the intersexual
One man is chief of the tribe, at whose death the position devolves on
the eldest son, unless he be not of age, when the brother of the
deceased chief acts as regent."
- East, J. J. 1889. Aborigines of south and central Australia. 11
page pamphlet. "Read before the Field Naturalists' Section of the Royal
Society, Tuesday, July 16, 1889" * https://trove.nla.gov.au/work/21561691
* Director of the Adelaide School of Mines * "my personal contact with
the natives not being north of the Hart and Macdonnell Ranges";
mentions "the Tennant Station. Beyond this to the Powell's Creek
Station are the Wurmega, and the furthest north, extending to Newcastle
Waters, are the T(h)ingalie"
- Howitt, AW. 1889. Further notes on the Australian class systems. Journal
of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
* 'The Waramunga type' pp. 43–46, tabulates 'class names' (subsections)
* follows mention in Howitt 1885
- Gillen, F.J. c1896. Anthropology Volume III. Barr Smith Library,
University of Adelaide.
- Eylmann, Erhard. 1897-. [Australian notebooks]. Held at
Kolonial - und Ubersee-Museum zu Bremen. * see Eylmann 1908 etc
- Mathews, R.H. 1899. Correction. Proceedings of the American
Philosophical Society Vol.38 * p.77 Table II 'Warramonga' class names *
for correction see Mathews 1907
- Spencer, Baldwin & F.J. Gillen. 1899. The
of Central Australia. London: Macmillan & Co. Ltd.
- Spencer, Baldwin. 1901–02. Journal, March July 1st 1901:
August 23rd - Feb 11th, 1902. Typescript version: MLMSS29/3, Mitchell
Library, State Library of NSW. http://spencerandgillen.net/languagegroups/4fac697e023fd704f475b35d
- Gillen, F.J. 1901–02. Camp Jottings Volume Three. PRG54_1_3,
State Library of South Australia. http://spencerandgillen.net/languagegroups/4fac697e023fd704f475b35d
- Spencer, Baldwin & F.J. Gillen. 1904 (1969). The
Tribes of Central Australia. London: Macmillan & Co.
Reprinted 1969, Oosterhout, N.B., The Netherlands: Anthropological
Publications. * 'Warramunga'
- Mathews, R.H. 1907. Correction [dated] 5 October 1907. Proceedings of the American
Philosophical Society 46, 368. * re
class names in Mathews 1899
- Eylmann, Erhard. 1908. Die Eingeborenen der
494p. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. http://www.archive.org/details/dieeingeborenen00eylmgoog
* traveller who
stayed at OTS April 1897
* chapters XIV, XIX and XX compiled by Robin Hodgson translated by
Renate Hubel 1994, AIATSIS Library MS 3369 * chapters XVI and XVII
translated by Sherlock
1972 * chapters 10, 12, 13, 14 translated by Gerritsen &
Gerritsen 2002 * introductory remarks translated by Vivienne Courto
1990 * see Eylmann 1897, Courto 1990, Courto 1996, Schröder
- Beckett, J.T. 1915. Report on Aboriginals. [to the Chief
Aborigines, Darwin.] 19th June 1915. Pp.26-28 in The Parliament of the
of Australia. Northern Territory of Australia. Report of the
for the Year 1914-15. Melbourne: Victorian Government Printer.
- Giles, Alfred. 1926. Exploring in the Seventies
Construction of the Overland Telegraph Line. Adelaide: WK
& Co. (The Register). Facsmile reprint, 1995. Friends
State Library of South Australia. * Based on his Diary 8th July, 1870
to 16th July, 1871: The Overland Telegraph Expedition. South Australian
- Ashwin, Arthur C. 1930 (compiled 1927). From South
Port Darwin with sheep and cattle. Royal Geographical Society
Branch. Proceedings. 32(1930-31),47-93. * republished in
- Buchanan, Gordon. 1933. Packhorse and Waterhole.
Angus & Robertson.
- Ashton, George, 1933–35. Journal of George Ashton 12
- 20 August 1935. Postmaster, Tennant Creek, Northern
Photocopy of typescript and manuscript. [ii]+190pp. Copy held by Parks
& Wildlife Commission of the NT, Tennant Creek.
- Ashton, George. Letter [dated 22/11/1934] by G. Ashton to
Mountford. Mortlock Library of South Australiana, item D 5044(L) *
Annotation: "Refers to mining and general conditions and includes a
pencil sketch of Tennant Creek telegraph station made by 'Nat', an
- Bell, Norman C. 1934. [Report of] Director of Mines and
Warden, pp.34-38 in Report on the Administration of the N.T.
the Year Ending 30th June 1934. Government Printer.
- Linklater, W. [William Miller]. 1934. articles in Northern
31/8/1934, page 6. * "a spirit 'Mooloongah'", 'Lillperidgee' goanna,
'Jibberoo' which means Coolabah tree
- Native folk
law. 14/9/1934, page 3 [mainly about near Borroloola]
- Native folk
law. [account from 1901] 25/9/1934, page 6. * 'Jinarringee
Spring' 'Ben arra ban'
- 'Murranghi'. Abos
as mimics. [letter] Northern Standard
(Darwin), 7/8/1934, page 8. * 'In the latter 80's … ' '… eating
wild currants called by the Warra Moonga and Wumbire abos "manna good
you"…' sc. marnukuju 'conkerberry' / 'All abos. are good
mimics, probably owing to the prevalence of sign language.'
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1934. Letters to AP Elkin. Tennant’s Creek.
May 1934, June 5 1934, 19 June 1934. Elkin Papers, University of Sydney
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1934 notebooks. Deposited at AIATSIS. * see
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1934. Report upon Aborigines and
Reserve at Tennant's Creek. 11p. ts. * published as Stanner 1980
- Basedow, Herbert. 1935. Knights
of the boomerang. Sydney: Endeavour. Facsimile
2004. Perth: Hesperian Press. * excerpt from AIATSIS Library
annotation: Initiation legend of Kaitish, Warramunga and Aranda;
Elopement and vengeance (Warramunga, Djingili) * pp.207-222:
"Ildaginnya as a young Warramunga girl lived west of Tennant's Creek.
- Kirkland, W.B. 1935. Report of the Chief Protector of
in Report of the Administrator. Commonwealth
No. 37. The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia. Northern
Territory of Australia. Government Printer.
- Chewings, Charles. 1936. Back in the stone age.
Angus & Robertson.
- Hatfield, William. 1936. Australia through the
Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
Production of Gold. Pioneers to celebrate. Sydney Morning
Herald 3 August 1936, page 9 column 8. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17257224
- Stanner, WEH. Aborigines and Tennant’s Creek. LETTERS TO THE
EDITOR. Sydney Morning Herald 5 August 1936, page 9. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17257824
* Warramulla tribe * comment on SMH item of 3
- Balfe, JD. 1936. Strange party in heart of desert. The Argus Monday 10
- Strong, Jim. 1936. Saveloys at Tennant Creek [cartoon]. The Argus Tuesday
11 August 1936. *
"Mine tinkit, this pfeller snake bin wearum bowyangs!" (old black man
inspecting string of saveloys)
- Camera page. The
Saturday 15 August 1936. * [captions:] "At Tennant Creek.—there is not
much housekeeping to be done in or about a desert mia-mia.
Primitive conditions of this native residence in North-Central
Australia are revealed by the rising sun." "A desert wonder.— A gin and
her piccaninnies watching the Percival Gull aeroplane — aptly named
'Pinega' which is aboriginal for 'speed' — which was chartered by 'The
Argus' and brought these photographs of Tennant Creek back to Melbourne
last week-end. The photographs were taken by Mr. W. Crofts, a
staff photographer of 'The Argus'.
- Bunzendahl, Otto. 1938. Der Australien-Forscher Dr. Erhard
seine Sammlung im Deutschen Kolonial - und Ubersee-Museum zu Bremen. Veroff.
dt. Kolon.- u. Ubersee-Mus. Bremen 1938:2,33-80 * AIATSIS
p7833 * cf. Eylmann 1908
- AIATSIS Annotation: Life-history of Eylmann ; his travels
studies in Australia ; includes listings by tribe of his ethnographic
Narriyenri, Diaeri, Loritja, Aranda, Warramunga, Kaitish, Wagai,
Tjingale, Wulwanga, Wulna, Larakiya, Tjauen, Wagatsch, Malack-Malack,
- Linklater, William. [1940's?]. The Magic Snake
group of stories for children concerning the habits, customs, beliefs,
ceremonies, corroborees and legends of the Australian Aborigines.
Illustrated and edited by Mavis Mallinson. Sydney: Currawong. 95pp. http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/12451195
- Linklater, W. 1940. Notes. Unpublished ms. Ms 37. AIAS,
- Hill, Ernestine. 1943. Where are the Warramunga? Walkabout
- Australian Natives' Sand Pictures. Ceremonial sacred
the Warramungas. School Arts (November), 84-85.
- Jarman, H. E. 1944. Birds of Barrow Creek, Northern
Australia. S. Aust. Orn. 17: 22-24
- 1944. The birds of Banka Banka Station Northern
Aust. Orn. 17: 24-29
- 1945. Bird observations of Larrimah, Northern Territory
Australia. S. Aust. Orn. 17: 53-54.
- 1945. Brief notes on a hurried journey from Tennant
to Mt. Isa Qld. S. Aust. Orn. 17: 45.
- 1945. Birds of Elliott and Newcastle Waters, Northern
Territory. S. Aust. Orn. 17: 74-78
- 1945. Birds of Tennant Creek, Northern Territory of
Aust. Orn. 17: 82.
- 1946. A stroll along Barrow Creek. Wild life
- Harney, Bill (W.E.) & A.P. Elkin. 1949. Songs of the songmen. Aboriginal
retold. FW Cheshire. * See new and revised edition, Rigby,
- Hill, Ernestine. 1951. The Territory.
Sydney: Angus &
Robertson. Republished 1970. Sydney: Ure Smith.
- Elkin, AP. Papers, sound recordings, photographs, recorded
Phillip Creek 1953. Elkin
papers, Archives, Sydney University.
- Harney, W.E. 1957. Life Among the Aborigines.
- Elkin, AP. Papers, sound recordings, recorded at Warrabri
1958. "Kudjiga and associated chants mainly by Waramanga men"
Moyle 1966) Disc 75A in Sydney University Series. * see Jones 1965.
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1958. Continuity and change among the
Journal of Science
21,99-109. * "Eventually, for every aborigine who, so to speak, had
Europeans thrust upon him, at least one other had sought them
out. More would have gone to European centres sooner had it
been that their way was often barred by hostile aborigines.
late as the early 1930's I was able to see for myself the battles
between the encroaching myalls and weakening, now-sedentary groups who
had monopolized European sources of supply and work." (Stanner 1958:
- Hartwig, M.C. 1960. The Coniston killings. Unpublished B.A.
thesis, University of Adelaide.
- Harney, W.E. 1961. Grief, Gaiety and Aborigines.
Robert Hale. * opp. p.65 photograph of group at Tennant Creek OTS c1930
- Idriess, Ion L. 1961. Tracks of destiny. Sydney: Angus
- Meggitt, Mervyn J. 1962. Desert People. A study
Walbiri Aborigines of Central Australia. Sydney: Angus
Roberston. Reprinted 1965,
Chicago, London: University of Chicago Press; Toronto: University of
- Harney, W.E. (Bill) & Douglas Lockwood. 1963. The
Tree. Adelaide: Rigby.
- Hartwig, M.C. 1965. The progress of white settlement in the
Springs District and its effects upon the Aboriginal inhabitants
1860-1894. University of Adelaide. Ph.D. thesis. 669pp.
- Jones, Trevor Alan. 1965. Australian Aboriginal music: the
collection's contribution toward an overall picture, pp.-374 in Aboriginal
Man in Australia, ed. by R & C Berndt. * Descriptive
of recordings from many locations including Phillip Creek. * see Elkin
- Northern Territory Administration. Welfare Branch. 1965. Warrabri
Aboriginal Reserve. May, 1965. 26pp. (other editions in 1960,
1961) * copy at AIATSIS Library
- Gillen, Francis James. 1968. Gillen's Diary: the
jottings of F.J. Gillen on the Spencer and Gillen expedition across
Australia 1901-2. Adelaide: Libraries Board of S.A.
- Harney, Bill (W.E.) & A.P. Elkin. Songs of the songmen. Aboriginal
retold. New and revised edition, Rigby. * First edition
pp.58-60 'Song of the Walcutta', "(Waramunga Tribe)" [in Contents],
notes pp.152-3 Walcutta 'large spotted lizard living on the plains and
among the rocks', Kobalilli 'small striped lizard'
- Linklater, William & Linda Tapp. 1968. Gather
Melbourne: Macmillan of Australia. 222pp. * Hesperian Press ISBN 0
85905 232 X, 1997 reprint of 1968 edition with new material), 175pp,
illustrated, 240grams, $22.00
- Musgrove, Nan. 1969. 'Missus of Banka Banka' Australian
November 5, 1969, single page * with photographs
- Sherlock, Kevin. 1972. Die Eingeborenen der Kolonie
XVI and XVII. Translated into English by Kevin Sherlock. Anthropological
Society of South Australia - Journal 10.7, 4-12. *AIATSIS call
number SF 57.5/1 * see
- O'Grady, Frank. 1977. Francis of Central
154pp. ISBN 0 85587 114 8 Sydney: Wentworth Books.
- Tuxworth, Hilda. 1978. Tennant Creek yesterday
[National Trust of Australia, Tennant Creek].
- Watts, Jane Isabella (1824-1894). 1978. Family life in South Australia
years ago, dating from October 1837. (Aust. facs. Eds,
Facsimile edition. Adelaide: Libraries Board of South Australia. *
AM [Alan Macfarlane] Giles account of 1883 expedition east of Attack
Creek with other white men and two trackers * cf. Howitt 1885
- Bell, Diane R. 1979. The Pawurrinji Puzzle. iv+40pp.
Warlmanpa, and Kaytety-Warlpiri land claim hearings. * AIAS Library Ms
- Davison, Patricia. 1979. The Manga-Manda Settlement,
Creek: An Historical Reconstruction from Written, Oral and Material
Evidence. Report submitted to the National Trust of Australia (Northern
Territory). December 1979. ix+163pp. * published as Davison 1985
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1979. Report on field work in north central
north Australia 1934-5. 102pp. ts. Microfiche No. 1. ISBN 0855750936
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1979. Address by W.E.H. Stanner’ to
First Institute Microfiche publication launched. AIAS Newsletter,
New Series (NS),
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1979. White
man got no dreaming. Essays 1938-1973. Canberra: A.N.U.
- Bell, Diane R. & Pamela Ditton. 1980. Law:
The Old and
the New. Aboriginal women in Central Australia Speak Out.
908160 77 1
x+129+10+5+2pp. Canberra: Aboriginal History.
- Nash, David. 1980. A Traditional land claim by
Warlpiri, Mudbura and Warumungu traditional owners. Alice
Central Land Council.
- Stanner, W.E.H. 1980. Report to Australian National
Council upon Aborigines and Aboriginal Reserve at Tennants Creek 1934. AIAS
Newsletter n.s.13 (March 1980),43-48.
- Bell, Diane. 1981. Tennant Creek... A Rich Tradition. Living
North (Darwin) 1981,2:58-60. * Warumungu land claim Exhibit 46
- Donovan, P.F. 1981. A Land Full of Possibilities.
of South Australia's Northern Territory. xxii+267pp. St
London, New York: University of Queensland Press.
- Aboriginal Land Commission. 1982. Warlmanpa,
Mudbura and Warumungu Land Claim. Report by the Aboriginal
Commissioner to the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and to the
Administrator of the Northern
Territory. Canberra: A.G.P.S.
- Bell, Diane. 1982. Outstations: Reflections from the
pp.85-92 in Service Delivery to Outstations, ed. by
prepared for NARU conference Darwin December 1981.] Darwin: Australian
University North Australia Research Unit. ISBN 0 86784 160 5 xii+97pp.
- Bell, Diane. 1982. Warumungu land claim: A fight for land. Aboriginal
Law Bulletin 6 (December 1982):1,8-9.
- Hagan, Miriam. Land claims in the Tennant Creek district. Tennant
& District Times, 8 October 1982.
- Hagen, Rod, Jane Lloyd, and Bruce Reyburn. 1982. A
Claim to Unalienated Crown Land. A Central Land Council Submission on
behalf of the claimants.
- Nash, David. 1982. The outstation movement: the long road
Australian Land Rights News 15,16. Outstation
- Walker, Geoffrey. (comp.) 1982. The Aboriginal photographs of
Baldwin Spencer. (Introduced by J. Mulvaney) South Yarra:
Currey, O'Neil on behalf of the National Museum of Victoria Council.
ISBN 0 85902 065 7
- Bell, Diane. 1983. Daughters of the Dreaming.
McPhee Gribble, North Sydney: George Allen & Unwin. 297pp. ISBN
- [Carment, David & M. Hester.] 1983. Sites
of historical signficance in the Tennant Creek district. National
Territory). Tennant Creek Branch. 67pp. xeroxed.
- Petrick, Jose (ed.) 1983. The Renner Diaries.
Editor: Tony Austin.) Professional Services Branch, N.T. Department of
Education. (P&P82/332-3000) xii+39pp. July 1983. ISBN 07245
- Afianos, C. (ed.) 1984. The Tennant &
District Times. 50
Golden years. The Tennant & District Times
in conjunction with the "Back to Tennant Creek" celebrations. May 1984.
$2. 56pp. Tennant Creek.
- [Clark, Allan.] 1984. The Aboriginal People of Tennant
Afianos (ed.) 1984,6-7.
- Commonwealth of Australia. Department of Aboriginal
on the problems, needs and aspirations of Aboriginal town campers in
Creek, N.T. Tennant Creek. September 1984.
- Jampijinpa, Darby. 1984. Warumungku Watikirli
David Nash and Lloyd Spencer Jungarrayi, again by Neville Poulson
Japangardi and Mary Laughren. Illustrated by Neville Poulson
Warlpiri Literature Production Centre. ISBN 0 86751 114 1. * available
WLPC, Yuendumu CEC, ph. (08)8956-4045, fax 8956-4033, <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Pearce, Howard. 1984. Tennant Creek historic survey.
National Trust of Australia (NT), Aug 1984 : 21pp.
Environment Australia Summary: This study locates and documents a range
of historic sites and relics in the Tennant Creek district, establishes
priorities for site protection and conservation, nominates a range of
sites suitable for public use and interpretation, and identifies sites
worthy of archaeological analysis. Areas covered include Aboriginal,
exploration, pastoral, mining and the town. (Au, CY)
- Davison, Patricia. 1985. The Manga-Manda settlement, Phillip
Creek: An historical reconstruction from written, oral and material
evidence. Occasional Papers in Material Anthropology.
Culture Unit, James Cook University of North Queensland. ix+80pp. ISBN
0 86443 148 1 [published version of Davison 1979]
- Duncan, Tim. 1985. Anthropology on trial in land case. Bulletin
108(5482) (August 27):34-38.
- Mewett, Peter. 1985. Professional Privilege: A matter of
to all Anthropologists. AAS Newsletter 27 (June
- Nash, David. 1985. The Warumungu's reserves 1892-1962: a
study in dispossession. Australian Aboriginal Studies
- Beacroft, L. (Laura). 1986. Warumungu land claim. Aboriginal
law bulletin 23,6.
- Charles, Christopher. 1986. The Warumungu land claim : law
anthropology at the crossroads. iii+97 leaves. Thesis (M.A.(Qual.)),
University of Adelaide. * AIATSIS Library Call number MS 2472
- AIATSIS Library Annotation: Legal and historical
of European colonisation; development of legislative policy; legal
accommodation of Aboriginal demands for rights and justice;
traditionally based claims
as claims in law; Nabalco case; role of anthropologists in litigation;
anthropological expert evidence; role of anthropologists in land claims
under the Land Rights (NT) Act and its attendant
anthropological expert testimony; changes to that model imposed by
Maurice, J. in the Warumungu land claim
(as embodied in the practice directions); issues of confidentiality,
interest immunity and solicitor-client privilege; professionalism,
advocacy, consultancy, ethics
- Dunlop, Ian. 1986. Strangers Abroad: Fieldwork but whose
work. Anthropology Today 2.6(Dec),15-16. DOI: 10.2307/3032839
annotation: Critical comments on the random use of historical film
footage in a (British) Central Television production about Baldwin
Spencer * 'Strangers Abroad' listed in film.html
- Brady, Maggie. 1988. Where the beer truck stopped: drinking
in a Northern Australian town. Darwin: North Australia Research
- Miles, Margot. 1988. The Old Tennant – stories on life in
Tennant Creek. Adelaide.
- Pinkerton-James, Marianne. 1988. Colonisation, legislation
alienation. The Warumungu experience. BA(Hons) thesis, Department of
Prehistory & Anthropology, Arts, ANU. i+81pp.
- Lea, John P. 1989. Government and the community
Creek 1947-78. Darwin: Australian National University North
Australia Research Unit (NARU).
AIATSIS Library Annotation: Includes chapter on Aboriginal urban
settlement; population , employment, housing; Blueberry Hill Village,
Mulga town camps; Warrabri (Ali Curung); Mary Ward Hostel; Warramunga
Pabulu Housing Association
- Lea, John P. 1989. South of the Berrimah Line : government
community in Katherine and Tennant Creek after World War Two,
pp.189-204 in Small towns in northern Australia,
Peter Loveday and
Ann Webb. Darwin; Australian National University, North Australia
- Loveday, P. and A. Webb. (eds) 1989. Small towns in Northern
Australia. Darwin: North Australia Research Unit.
- Nash, David. 1989. Donald Jupurrula Graham. [Obituary.] Australian
Aboriginal Studies 1/1989, 68-69.
- Courto, V[ivienne]. 1990. The Tragical History of Dr.
BA(Hons) thesis, Dept of Prehistory and Anthropology, Arts, ANU.
75 leaves * AIATSIS Library MS 4713
AIATSIS Library Annotation: Contents: Introduction -- A brief
biography of Erhard Eylmann and insights into his character -- A
account of Eylmann's Australian journey -- The intellectual background
to Eylmann's ethnographic work -- An assessment of Eylmann's work:
non-material aspects of Aboriginal culture -- An assessment of
Eylmann's work: material aspects of Aboriginal culture -- Appendix :
Translation of Eylmann's introductory remarks to Die Eingeborenen
der Kolonie sudaustralien
- Liddle, Robyn. 1990. Historical survey of European
the western Barkly Tableland. Funded under the National Estate Grants
Program. [Darwin]: National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory),
Jun 1990 : 248pp.
- Environment Australia Summary: An historical overview of
Barkly Tableland region is presented including its discovery,
settlement and links with stock routes and service centres. The
pastoral value of the Mitchell Grass plains was recognised by the early
explorers and despite a slow start the pastoral industry established in
the area and remains the economic base. A history and documentation of
the historic sites of nine properties on
the western side of the Tableland includes Alroy Downs and Dalmore
Anthony Lagoon, Banka Banka, Brunchilly, Eva Downs, Helen Springs,
Downs and Walhallow and forms the main part of the report. Several
are singled out as being worthy of further consideration. These include
old Bank Banka homestead, made of mud bricks and one of the earliest
on Banka Banka Station. Brunette Downs Station has had a continuous
history of settlement and development dating back to the early 1880s.
Its homestead is the oldest building in the study area that is still in
use. Three further sites on this station are also highlighted because
they relate to Corella Downs Station dating from around 1883 to 1894.
- Aboriginal Land Commission. 1991. Warumungu Land
Report by the Aboriginal Land Commissioner to the Minister for
Aboriginal Affairs and to the Administrator of the Northern Territory.
Report no. 31. xxiii+280pp. ISBN 0 644-13737 1. 91/20025 Cat. No. 91
0019 0. [UPC:] 9 780644 137379
Canberra: A.G.P.S. * see also the List of Exhibits
- Aboriginal Land Commission. [Olney J.] 1991. McLaren
Report No. 32, AGPS, Canberra.* see also the List of Exhibits
- Carment, David, 1949-. 1991. History and the landscape in
central Australia. Darwin: NARU, ANU. ISBN 0731512952
Chapter 5, pp.25-29, Aborigines and Europeans at Phillip Creek.
- Carment, David. 1991. Australia’s depression gold rush:
Tennant Creek, 1932–1936. Occasional Paper Series Number Five.
Darwin: Northern Territory University, Faculty of Arts.
- Glowczewski, Barbara. 1991. Du Rêve. La loi chez les
Aborigènes. Mythes, rites et organisation sociale en Australie.
Presses Universitaires de France. ISBN 2 13 0437451. * map near front:
"L'Australie" with Warlmanpa as synonym of Warumungu
- After 100 years, Dick Cabdgee comes back to his country. Land
Rights News July 1991. Reprnted in IWGIA Newsletter
(International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs Newsletter) 1991 no.
3, page 3031
- Reyburn, Bruce. Wrong Way Land Claim Part One.
Pegasus list oz.blackrights. Archived
in 1993 in 10
files at NATIVE-L http://nativenet.uthscsa.edu/archive/nl/9306/0188.html
- Tuxworth, Hilda. 1992. Helen Springs Station.
Historical Society of the Northern Territory in Association with the
Faculty of Arts, Northern Territory University. xiv+56pp.
- Stotz, Gertrude. 1993. 'Kurdungurlu got to drive Toyota':
differential colonizing process among the Warlpiri. vii+264
leaves. Ph.D. thesis, Deakin University, Geelong.
- Peter Sutton, Petronella Morel & David Nash. 1993. Muckaty
Land Claim. Darwin: Northern Land Council.
- Hubel 1994. See Eylmann 1908.
- Edmunds, Mary. 1995. Frontiers: Discourses of
Tennant Creek. Canberra: AIATSIS. viii+172pp. ISSN 1038-2372.
* reviewed by
Geoff Evans Australian Aboriginal Studies
- Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country. Aboriginal
boundaries and land
ownership in Australia. (Aboriginal History monograph 3.)
History Inc. 201pp. 29 cm. ISBN 0731521463 * comments by David Nash,
Central Australia section, pp.104-6
- Christen, Kimberly A. 1996. 'We Mob Gotta Hold Up This
Warumungu Women's Ritual Responsibility. MA thesis, Department of
Religious Studies, University of Colarado. vi+159pp.
V[ivienne]. 1996. Translation of the journals and
of Paul Erhard Andreas Eylmann 1896-1912. Unpublished MS, Canberra.
* 2009: copy deposited at AIATSIS Library MS 4847, 307 leaves *
see Courto 1990 * cited in Diane Bell (1998:653) Ngarrindjeri Wurruwarrin
- d’Abbs, Peter, Samantha Togni, and Ian Crundall.
1996. The Tennant Creek liquor licensing trial, August 1995 – February
1996: an evaluation (revised edition). Darwin: Menzies School of Health
Research and NT Living with Alcohol Program.
- Evans 1996: see Edmunds 1995.
- Nash, David. Donald Jupurrula Graham, pp.128-130 in Northern
Territory Dictionary of Biography, Volume 3. Edited by David
Carment & Helen J Wilson. Darwin: NTU Press. * appeared
- Mulvaney, John, Howard Morphy & Alison Petch (eds.)
Dear Spencer. Melbourne: Hyland House. 554pp.
- Keen, Ian. 1997. The Western Desert vs the Rest: Rethinking
Contrast, Chapter 5, pp.65-93,257-266 in Scholar and Sceptic.
Australian Aboriginal Studies in Honour of LR Hiatt, ed. by
Francesca Merlan, John Morton
& Alan Rumsey. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.* identity at
- Wright, Alexis. 1997. Grog wars. Broome: Magabala Books.
- Julalikari Council CDEP Arts & Crafts. Visiting
Palace. The Great Yarn Event and Other Arts Stories from
pages 78-79. http://www.regionalarts.com.au/raa1/files/YarnEvent/yarneventpart4.pdfRegional Arts Online
- Carment, David. 1998. The dispossession of the Warumungu:
encounters on a Northern Australian mining frontier, in Connection
and disconnection: encounters between settlers and Indigenous people in
the Northern Territory, edited by Tony Austin and Suzanne Parry.
Darwin: NTU Press.
- Dodd, Andrew. Rolling Stone. The Australian
11-12 December,24-25,27-28. * Flynn's Grave and Devil's Marbles
- Barwick, Linda. Wumpurrarni songs for papulanji:
producing a CD of Warumungu women's songs for an Australian and a
Plenary paper delivered to the 35th World Conference of the ICTM,
21 August 1999.
- Carruthers, Fiona. 2000. Warumungu women's dreaming songs
on CD. The
University of Sydney News 32.9 (18 May 2000), p.7 * photo by
Schramm of women singing
- Barwick, Linda. That contracting business: from Dreaming
tracks. Plenary paper presented to the National Conference of the
Musicological Society of Australia, Sydney, April.
Out Bush: Negotiating Difference in a Global Modernity. Paper
presented at Gender and Cultural Identity session (Monday 26 June) of The Millennial
Pacific History Association 'Bursting Boundaries: Places,
and Disciplines, held at the Australian National University, 26-29 June
- O’Loughlin J. 2000. Cubillo v Commonwealth (includes summary
dated 11 August 2000) 
FCA 1084 (11 August 2000). Federal Court of Australia.
- Rosemary Narrurlu Plummer. 2000. Silently. [poem] Bulletin
10 Oct 2000, p.68.
- Hoy, Anthony.
deserts poets come. Bulletin 10 Oct 2000, pp.68-69.
- Bush Fruits. Anyinginyi Arts and Crafts Touring
Curated by Brenda Runnegar. Tennant Creek: Anyinginyi Arts. February
ISBN 0-646-40976-X * 'Bush Tucker' by Alison Alder, p.5, includes some
Warumungu and Warlmanpa terms
Mungamunga Dancing: The Question of 'Tradition' in Warumungu Women's
Ritual Performances (Australian Aboriginal Women). Presented
March in WOMEN AND RELIGION
section of WECSOR, the Western Regional Meeting (Claremont Graduate
and Claremont School of Theology, Claremont, Calif.), 11-13 March, of
the American Academy of
brief note on Warumungu history. 8:09pm Thu Apr 5
'01 * "With
the re-commissioning of HMAS Warramunga in Melbourne last weekend, and
being the centenary of federation when Melbourne's Sir Baldwin Spencer
to study Warumungu life, here is a brief note on Warumungu history."
and Murphy Japanangka Kennedy. 2001. ‘Murphy, do you want to delete
Hidden histories and hidden landscapes in the Murchison and Davenport
Northern Territory, Australia. [pdf]
Presented to AIATSIS conference, Canberra, 18-21 September.
- [Anon.] Cultural centre for Warumungu. Land Rights News
Vol 4 No 1 (March
- Ashwin, Arthur C. 2002. Gold to Grass. The
Arthur C. Ashwin 1850-1930 prospector and pastoralist. Ed. by
J Bridge. Carlisle, WA: Hesperian Press. * includes Ashwin 1930 *
pp.34-36 1871 Attack Creek incidents
- Gerritsen, W.C. & Rupert Gerritsen. 2002. A further
translation of selected chapters of Dr Erhard Eylmann's Die Eingeborenen der Kolonie
(The Aborigines of the colony of South Australia). Canberra :
Intellectual Property Publications. ISBN 0958104514 36
Ch 10 : Infanticide, cannibalism and human sacrifice -- Ch. 12 :
Hunting and fishing -- Ch. 13 : Foodstuffs and cookery -- Ch. 14 :
Stimulants * see Eylmann 1908
Nicholas. 2002. Three Meanings of pastoralism in Australia:
Foundational Agrarianism, Eco-Vandalism and Aboriginal Cultural
22 April in AIATSIS Seminar Series 'Cattle Business: Pastoralism and
Nicholas & Alistair
Paterson. 2002. Cultural Survival Quarterly
37-38. * includes two
photographs of Murphy Japanangka
2002. Ich reiste wie ein Buschmann (Zum Leben und
Australienforschers Erhard Eylman) 273 S. Photo-Tafeln und
Abbildungen. €15 Euro * Mit einem Grußwort S.E., des Herrn
Australischen Botschafters und einer Einleitung des bekannten
Humboldt-Forschers, Prof.Dr.Dr. Hanno Bec * previously Der
mein Begleiter. Leben und Wirken des Australienforschers Erhard Eylmann
(Life and scientific work of the Pioneer of Australian Culture Erhard
Eylmann). 200 Pages with figures and tables (US$20, from
the author at Hechelstrasse 8, D-28777 Bremen, Germany) [http://huhu.franken.de/history-geophysics/english.html]
* cf. Eylmann 1908 * reviewed by Francesca Merlan, Australian Aboriginal Studies
2004/1,115-9 * Schröder, W. 2005. Letter to the Editor of TAJA:
about review by Eickelkamp of Ich reiste wie ein Buschmann (TAJA,
2004, 15(3), 361-363). The
Australian Journal of Anthropology 16(2), 251.
- ABC TV. Worrying
signs for NT Aboriginal population Reporter Murray
Report (18 Sept 2002, 19:36 AEST) * about new
renal unit at
- Marsh, Kathryn.
2002. Observations on a case study of song transmission and
preservation in two Aboriginal communities: dilemmas of a
'neo-colonialist' in the field. Research Studies in Music Education
19.4,4-13. DOI: 10.1177/1321103X020190010201 * Tennant Creek and
‘Auston’ (a pseudonym)
- Reyburn, Bruce. Warumungu
- 20 years on. 1 November 2002
- Nyinkka Nyunyu Information Series
- No. 1 Wanjjal payinti : Bush TVs.
- No. 2 Punttu : Warumungu skin relationships * self portraits; how
skin names relate to marriage; 'Skindicator'
- No. 3 Mayi : Bush Tucker recipes
- No. 4 Wapparr : Language
- No. 5 Wurrmulalkki : Returned Histories
- No. 6 Kuyu : Meat
Tennant Creek: Nyinkka Nyunyu, [2002?]
each is a folded sheet pp. ; 20 cm * Dianna Wells Design
Alistair. 2003. Historical interactions between foragers and
pastoralists in Australian drylands. Presented to 23
Degrees South: Archaeology and environmental history of the southern
deserts, National Museum of Australia, Canberra, Saturday 18
- Christen, Kimberly and Christopher Cooney. 2003. Aboriginalexperience.com.au:
Online in the Outback. Presented in Student
Panel III: Digital Environments for
Saturday 1 February 2003. Conference on The
of Digital Design: Thinking/Building/Living, UCSD * abstract
- Cheadle, Barry. 2003. Centre opened. Rare recordings
Mail 306 (30 July 2003), 3, 22,24-25. * photo by Barry Cheadle
- Moral, Louise. 2003. New
technology, new collaborations. uniArts, University of Sydney News
35.18(17 October),7. *
photo by Barry Cheadle
- Alder, Alison. 2004. The Punttu portrait print project.
10am 3 April to Fifth
Australian Print Symposium, National Gallery of Australia,
2-4 April 2004 *
the author coordinated the Punttu portrait project for the
Nyinkka Nyunyu Art and Culture Centre.
- Tears shared at Phillip Creek. Land
Rights News 6.2 (July
2004), 1, 12-13.
- Christen, Kimberly. 2004. Mundane Mobilizations and
Partnerships: Repackaging Aboriginal Culture. Nov. 2004 Presented at
the Folklore and Ethnomusicology Colloquium Series on intellectual and
cultural property, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
- Hardiman, Robin. 2004. Daddy Paddy, pp. 37-46 in True North: contemporary writing
Northern Territory, edited by Marian Devitt. Charles
University Press. © NT Writers' Centre.
- Alder, Alison. 2005. The Bush TVs of
in Rouge 6.
- Bush rangers. Natural Heritage: the journal
natural heritage trust 24
(Winter 2005), 2. * Muru-warinyi Ankkul Rangers
- Batty, Philip, Lindy Allen, and John Morton. 2005. The
photographs of Baldwin Spencer. Melbourne: the Miegunyah Press,
- Christen, Kimberly. 2005. Gone digital: Aboriginal remix
cultural commons. International
Journal of Cultural Property 12.3(August),315-34.
* 2004 presentation
'Gone Digital: Culture as Interface in
Aboriginal Collaborations' to a workshop, Santa Clara
University, October 22-23, 2004, sponsored by SSRC Digital
Institutions Project Fellowship * abstract,
about Anyinginyi Manuku Apparr DVD
- Bush rangers. Natural Heritage: the journal
natural heritage trust 24
(Winter 2005), 2. * Muru-warinyi Ankkul Rangers
Pam & Hannah
Moran. 2005. Town camp
strategy. "Ladies talking in Tennant Creek". 54 pages. *
report on the needs of Aboriginal women and children living in Town
Camps in Tennant Creek." funded by Department of Family and Community
Services Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) * PDF
dated 29/7/05, linked from http://www.facsia.gov.au/internet/facsinternet.nsf/aboutfacs/programs/house-newsaap_research.htm
- Christen, Kimberly & Chris Cooney. 2006. Digital
dynamics across cultures. Vectors
online journal, March 2006. * USC
Cultural Institutions Project Fellowship
- Christen, Kimberly. 2006. Tracking
properness: repackaging culture in a remote Australian town. Cultural
Anthropology 21.3(August), 416-446.
- Hyland, Adrian. 2006. Diamond
Dove. Melbourne: Text. * detective novel set in the
Tennant Creek region * other editions
- Carment, David. 2007. Territorianism: politics and identity
in Australia’s Northern Territory 1978–2001. Darwin: NTU Press.
the Algiers desert people festival crowd. Issue 121 -
25 Jan 2007. National
Indigenous Times, 10 February 2007 * "Warumungu dancers
included Mr Jimmy Frank, Mr Mark Johnny and Mr Banjo Johnny"
- Jones, Philip. 2007. Ochre
and rust : artefacts and encounters
on Australian frontiers. Kent Town, S. Aust. : Wakefield
Press. ISBN: 9781862545854 * Chapter 5 'Drilling for fire', pp.187-223
about Dick Cubadgee
- Skelton, Russell. 2007. The
hidden shame of the NT's camps. The
Age 7 July 2007
* about Stein & Moran 2005
- Christen, Kimberly. 2008. A safe keeping place:
Shifting museum spaces and embedded Aboriginal cultural protocols.
April, Kluge-Ruhe Collection * about Mukurtu
- Christen, Kimberly. 2008. Culture
at the Interface: Digital Archives and "Social" Rights Management in
Aboriginal Australia. Lecture on Grounds, 3:30pm,
25 April, Scholar's Lab, Alderman Library, University of
Virginia * about Mukurtu
- Christen, Kimberly. 2008. Aboriginal business : alliances
remote Australian town. Global Indigenous
Politics Series. Santa Fe, New Mexico: School for
Research Press. ISBN 978 193061898 5 * reviewed
by Will Owen 19 July 2009 * reviewed
by RB Reyburn 20 August 2009 * reviewed
by David Eller 9 March 2010
- Curthoys, Ann, Ann Genovese, and Alexander Reilly. 2008. Rights
and redemption: history, law and Indigenous people. Sydney: UNSW
Press. * includes a detailed discussion of the ‘Cubillo’ case
- Kelham, Megg. 2008. Learning history from the horse’s mouth.
Oral History Association of Australia Journal 30, 56-63. *
describes author's work in as designer of the ‘social history’ annexe
to the mining museum
- Christen, Kimberly. 2009. Aboriginal
business : alliances
remote Australian town. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press
(Christen 2008 co-published for the Australian and New Zealand markets)
ISBN 978 0 85575 702 1 $39.95 * author's
report * newspaper
item on launch * reviewed by Ivory 2011, Gould 2011,
Vaarzon-Morel 2010, Collmann 2011
- Ashenden, Dean. 2010. Telling
Tennant’s story. History
Australia 7.3,52.1-15. Monash
- Hyland, Adrian. 2010. Gunshot road.
Melbourne: Text Publishing. * detective novel set in the
Tennant Creek region * other editions
- Dank, Karl Jabanbi … [et al.]. 2010. This country anytime
anywhere: an anthology of new indigenous writing from the Northern
Territory. Alice Springs: IAD Press in partnership with the
Northern Territory Writers' Centre * http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/37680905
* includes contributions from Rosemary Plummer, Milly Napangardi James,
Judy Nakkamarra Nixon, Valerie Nakamarra Nelson, David C Curtis * some
contributions have been translated into Warlpiri, Warumungu * NT
News 10 Sept 2010 on launch and Rosemary Plummer
- Vaarzon-Morel, Petronella. 2010. [review of Christen 2009]. Aboriginal
History 34 http://epress.anu.edu.au/apps/bookworm/view/Aboriginal+History+Volume+34,+2010/5611/riew08.xhtml
- Collmann, Jeff. 2011. [review of Christen 2009]. American
Anthropologist 113.3(September 2011), 515–516. DOI:
- Gould, Jackie. 2011. [review of Christen 2009]. TAJA
22.1(April 2011),140-2. DOI:10.1111/j.1757-6547.2011.00118.x
- Ivory, Bill. 2011. [review of Christen 2009]. Anthropological
Forum 21.1(March 2011),91-93. DOI:10.1080/00664677.2011.549451
- Toohey, Paul. 2011. Hard
Times: Life after the Intervention. The Monthly March 2011
- Bootu Creek miner charged. Tennant & District Times 9
August 2013 http://www.tennantcreektimes.com.au/story/1694574/bootu-creek-miner-charged/?cs=1513
* with photo including 'Tennant Creek custodians of the sacred site'
- Hogan, Eleanor. 2014. Behind the mulga curtain. Inside Story
Sept-Oct 2014 http://inside.org.au/behind-the-mulga-curtain/
* "Tennant Creek has developed innovative ways of dealing with the
strengths and weaknesses of social media, writes Eleanor Hogan. But the
initiatives are languishing, partly for lack of funding"
- Wild, Kate. 2016. Remote community transformed after swapping
diesel generator for solar panels. Updated 14 Jun 2016, 5:13pm http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-14/remote-community-swaps-diesel-for-solar-panels/750830
* Munungurra Aboriginal Corporation's outstation northeast of Tennant
- Quilty, Simon and Jupurrurla, Norman Frank. 2021. Climate change:
A Wumpurrarni-kari and Papulanyi-kari shared problem. J
Paediatrics and Child Health 57,1745-1748. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.15740
- Ashenden, Dean. 2021. Telling Tennant's Story: The Strange
Career of the Great Australian Silence. Carlton, Vic.: Black Inc.
Last changed 28 November 2021